Man or Flesh?
The Christian Church began on the foundation of faith centered in the person of Jesus Christ…
The Council of Chalcedon Re-Examined, by V.C. Samuel
What to believe of this Jesus? The various communities, widely dispersed in a Roman Empire antagonistic to their faith, adopted statements of faith or belief – later called creeds. One or another of these statements were taught to candidates for baptism and recited regularly in worship. Despite being somewhat varied…
…they emphasized that Jesus Christ was the Son of God through whom men and women could have a direct access to God, and from the time the New Testament writings were in circulation they could point to them as apostolic transmissions in support of their exposition.
I have, on and off, been in conversation with someone who belongs to a religion that teaches that Jesus was a good man who lived a perfect life…but don’t call Him God or the Son of God. This idea of Jesus as God was an invention of Church councils held under the authority of various emperors, and therefore, for some reason, this makes these councils invalid.
Yet we see in this passage from Samuel that this idea was in the various communities from the beginning, before any formal councils and certainly before any Christian Roman emperor.
Dr. Jordan B. Cooper is in the middle of an ongoing series on Christology, tracing this from the earliest Church through Chalcedon and beyond. In the fourth video of the series, he specifically discusses Patristic Christology through Chalcedon. Beginning here, he offers:
Just because it took that long [until Chalcedon] to develop what kind of language the Church was to use, that doesn’t mean that it took that long for the Church to develop the essence of the doctrine itself.
He points to the earliest post-apostolic writers like Ignatius, Justin Martyr, and Irenaeus as all speaking the same truths; the issue is figuring out the best way to express this truth. The essence of this teaching of Christ’s divinity and humanity was there from the beginning.
Returning to Samuel:
In clarifying the nature of the faith several attempts made during the second and third centuries were rejected by the Church.
Eventually, beginning in the second century, three broad streams of Christology could be identified: Alexandria, Antioc
Article from LewRockwell