El Pórtico de la Gloria and the Music of Pilgrims
Today is the Feast of St. James the Greater, the apostle “friend of the Lord” together with Peter and John. Nine hundred years ago, in 1122, while the last stone of the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela was being laid, Pope Calixtus II (†1124) announced the first Holy Year of Compostela for 1126, establishing that it was celebrated whenever the feast of Apostle James fell on Sunday. The privilege was later confirmed by Pope Alexander III (†1181) with the bull Regis Aeterni, given in Viterbo on June 25, 1179.
For over a millennium the famous cathedral, built in Galicia, north-western Spain, around the tomb of James the Greater, has been a destination for pilgrims and penitents.
Even the great poet Dante reminds us of Santiago de Compostela as one of the three places of pilgrimage of his time, together with Jerusalem, the Holy City, and Rome, the Eternal City:
And it is worth noting that there are three separate terms for people who travel to honor the Supreme Being: they are called palmers if they travel to the Holy Land, where they often carry the palm; they are called pilgrims if they travel to the home of Galicia, since the tomb of Saint James was farther from his homeland than that of any other apostle; they are called romers if they travel to Rome—the place where those I am calling pilgrims were headed (Dante Alighieri, V
Article from LewRockwell